Moderating Role of Social Support on the Associations between Individual Level Factors and Depressive Symptoms in Young Adults in Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago

Falk College Author(s): Jaipaul Lalla Roopnarine

Roopnarine, J. L., Wang, Y., & Krishnakumar, A. (2016) Moderating Role of Social Support on the Associations between Individual Level Factors and Depressive Symptoms in Young Adults in Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago. West Indian Medical Journal., Advance online publication.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:
To determine the moderating role of different forms of support on the associations between active coping, stress, and life satisfaction and depressive symptoms.

METHODS:
Using a cross-sectional design, 194 mostly Indo Guyanese and 189 young adults from diverse ethnic groups in Trinidad and Tobago filled out a life satisfaction scale, a perceived stress scale, a social support scale, an active coping scale and the epidemiologic studies depression scale (CES-D).

RESULTS:
Young adults in Guyana showed a lower prevalence (36.6%) of depression than those in Trinidad and Tobago (46%). Stress and life satisfaction predicted depressive symptoms and family support moderated the association between life satisfaction and depressive symptoms in both countries.

CONCLUSION:
In countries with challenging ecological niches and underdeveloped mental health systems there should be greater emphasis on the moderating and mediating role of family support systems and life events in interventions with common mental health problems.


DOI: 10.7727/wimj.2015.355